Developmental Language Disorder resources

Articles, video, documents and websites

DLD Resources

Keep up to date with the latest DLD information

DLD resources

This page contains a curated collection of DLD related articles. The aim is to give a flavour, but inclusion of an article is not an endorsement.

The page will be updated regularly, but please contact us if links no longer work. Also let us know of items you think we should list. All items must be open access and from reputable sources. Contact details:

For articles that reflect wider speech, language and communication needs visit the SLCN resources

NEW… Supporting Children and Young People with Developmental Language Disorder: A Toolkit For Practitioners

This DLD Toolkit for practitioners was developed by The Communication Intervention Team (ComIT), with support from NAPLIC.

It uses the RADLD DLD Bubble Resource which highlights areas Children and Young People with Developmental Language Disorder may have difficulty with.

The toolkit provides information, strategies, practical activities and suggested resources that can be used within the classroom to support communication development.

TAKE A LOOK AT… The DLD Friendly audit

The DLD Friendly audit has been developed by NAPLIC to support Speech and Language Therapy and specialist teacher services to adapt their policies and processes in respect to Developmental Language Disorder. It is free to all, and if you wish NAPLIC members can send in their documentation and receive an accreditation. Take a look, as it might be easier than you imagine.

DLDPost 16ResearchSecondary

A longitudinal analysis of early language difficulty and peer problems on later emotional difficulties in adolescence

This study used data from the Millennium Cohort Study to investigate the relationship between language and emotional well being. Although those with DLD are at risk one finding is more hopeful and suggests ‘better relationships with peers may offer some protection against poor mental health outcomes in adolescents at risk of developmental language disorder.’

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

Behaviour as a form of communication

In this accessible blog post Professor Pamela Snow outlines the links between Developmental Language Disorder and behaviour

DLDGeneral information

Caroline Bowen summary of Developmental Language Disorder changes

A thorough overview of the changes to Developmental Language Disorder terminology and criteria. Includes links to a range of open access articles.

Assess / diagnosisDLDResearch

CATALISE: a multinational and multidisciplinary Delphi consensus study of problems with language development. Phase 2

A short summary by Susan Ebbels of the change in terminology. Includes a useful graphic to explain DLD.

Assess / diagnosisDLDResearch

CATALISE: A Multinational and Multidisciplinary Delphi Consensus Study. Identifying Language Impairments in Children

The original article by Professor Dorothy Bishop and colleagues explaining the consensus process that agreed upon the term ‘Developmental Language Disorder’.

DLDPost 16Secondary

Depression and Anxiety Change from Adolescence to Adulthood in Individuals with and without Language Impairment

Study investigating anxiety and depression in young people and adults with Developmental Language Disorder. One of the very few studies investigating adults with this condition.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

Developmental language disorder

A good overview of Developmental Language Disorder originally written by professionals who know what they are talking about.

Assess / diagnosisDLDResearch

Developmental Language Disorder and Auditory Processing Disorder

A slideshow prepared by Professor Dorothy Bishop discussing the connections between DLD and APD.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

Developmental Language Disorder and Behaviour podcast

In this TES podcast Professor Courtenay Norbury from UCL (and NAPLIC Chair) discusses Developmental Language Disorder and its link to behaviour and learning

DLDGeneral information

Developmental Language Disorder resources from the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists

RCSLT have produced fact sheets, briefing papers, videos and infographics. Highly recommended for those who are new to DLD or who want concise information.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

Developmental Language Disorder: The most common childhood condition you’ve never heard of

Professor Courtenay Norbury debunks the myths that surround Developmental Language Disorder.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

DLD – a deeper understanding with Dorothy Bishop

Blog post by Professor Dorothy Bishop outlining the origins of the Raising Awareness of DLD (RADLD) campaign.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

DLD 1-2-3

A brief video showing adults and children talking about Developmental Language Disorder. Part of the 2017 DLD123 camplaign, but useful to show to anyone who has never heard of this condition.

DLDFamiliesGeneral informationparents

DLD and me website


This new website from the USA for all things Developmental Language Disorder is primarily aimed at parents. Lots of the content is applicable worldwide, and contains videos as well as written material.


DLD bubble toolkit

Supporting Children and Young People with Developmental Language Disorder: A Toolkit For Practitioners.

This DLD Toolkit for practitioners was developed by The Communication Intervention Team (ComIT), with support from NAPLIC.

View and download toolkit (ENGLISH)
View and download toolkit (WELSH)

DLD Friendly audit

The CATALISE process agreed the new term ‘Developmental Language Disorder’ and associated criteria (Bishop et al 2017)

To support Speech and Language Therapy and specialist education services implement the recommendations NAPLIC has developed the ‘DLD friendly!’ scheme.

This is a simple self audit which outlines the general areas of service change. Once submitted and approved the ‘DLD friendly’ logo can then be added to letterheads, email signatures etc. The aim of the scheme is to support service development and share good practice.


DLDRaising awareness

DLD: The Consensus Explained

In this brief video Professor Dorothy Bishop explains how consensus was achieved and the term ‘Developmental Language Disorder’ agreed upon.


Evidence based pathways to intervention for children with language disorders

Susan Ebbels and colleagues outline the evidence base for each of the various ‘waves’ of intervention for DLD. Followed by discussion from academic and clinical perspectives.

DLDPost 16ResearchSecondary

Financial capability and functional financial literacy in young adults with developmental language disorder

Developmental Language Disorder is a lifelong condition that impacts on many aspects of people’s lives, and yet we know relatively little about those impacts, especially on adults. This study investigates the impact of DLD on young adults ability to manage their finances.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

Hidden disorder hinders speech of 860,000 children

Mainstream press coverage of Developmental Language Disorder. Free to access, but readers need to register.


Improving language comprehension in preschool children with language difficulties: a cluster randomized trial

From Norway, a randomised control trial investigating teacher implemented intervention to develop understanding in children with DLD in mainstream schools.


JCPP Special Issue 2017

Professor Courtenay Norbury summarising the content of the special Developmental Language Disorder issue of the Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry.

Assess / diagnosisDLDInterventionRaising awareness

Kent and Medway approach to DLD

A video explaining all about Developmental Language Disorder, including simple strategies for support. Some of it relates to Kent specifically, but most content is applicable more widely

Assess / diagnosisDLDPrimaryResearch

Language growth in children with heterogeneous language disorders: a population study

Professor Courtenay Norbury and colleagues look at the trajectory of language development using a large scale population study.

DLDRaising awarenessSecondary

Living with Developmental Language Disorder as a Teenager

A video featuring students from Moor House School in Surrey talk openly about how DLD impacts on them.


Longitudinal DLD study starting in Finland

This paper outlines the theoretical underpinnings of this promising series of studies from Finland that will follow Finnish children with DLD and their typically developing peers over a number of years in an effort to better understand DLD and its causes. Definitely one to watch.

DLDPost 16Youth Justice

More or less likely to offend? Young adults with a history of identified developmental language disorders

Open access article investigating the likelihood of offending among young people with Developmental Language Disorder

DLDPost 16Raising awareness

My Language Disorder

A young person with Developmental Language Disorder talks about her condition. She uses a different term, but from her description it is the same as DLD.

Assess / diagnosisDLDResearch

Phase 2 of CATALISE: a multinational and multidisciplinary Delphi consensus study of problems with language development: Terminology

Professor Dorothy Bishop and colleagues outline the international process that was conducted to agree upon the term Developmental Language Disorder.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

RADLD Campaign

The Raising Awareness of DLD Youtube channel. Accessible, engaging videos about DLD. It was originally called RALLI, and uses the term ‘SLI’ in the older videos, but is now about Developmental Language Disorder.

DLDFamiliesGeneral information

Ten strategies to support children with DLD

Parent friendly blog post providing simple strategies for supporting children with Developmental Language Disorder.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

TES article: Suffering in silence

TES article providing an overview of developmental language disorder: ‘the most common special educational need you have never heard of.’ Explains DLD clearly and simply.

DLDGeneral information

The IJLCD Winter Lecture with Dorothy Bishop

Video of lecture by Professor Dorothy Bishop outlining the change in terminology to Developmental Language Disorder, the rationale and the process.

Assess / diagnosisDLDEBP

The impact of nonverbal ability on prevalence and clinical presentation of language disorder: evidence from a population study

Professor Courtenay Norbury used data from her large scale population study to generate incidence figures for Developmental Language Disorder and show that non verbal IQ does not impact on prognosis.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

The Language Problem: Building consensus on Developmental Language Disorder

University of Oxford have produced this brief video explaining Developmental Language Disorder in simple terms.

DLDPrimaryRaising awarenessSecondary

Top tips for identifying and supporting DLD in the classroom

Driver Youth Trust has written bullet points for teachers about identification and support of students with Developmental Language Disorder


Understanding Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorders

Suzanne Adlof and Tiffany Hogan analyse how dyslexia and DLD are connected.

DLDGeneral informationRaising awareness

Video explaining ‘What is Developmental Language Disorder?’

Speech and Language Therapist, Bryony Rust has made a succinct video explaining DLD. Suitable as an introduction. With bonus seaside scenery!

DLDGeneral informationparents


Parent friendly information about Developmental Language Disorder provided by Afasic. Includes links for support.

DLDEBPRaising awareness

Why is it so hard to reach agreement on terminology? The case of developmental language disorder (DLD)

Professor Dorothy Bishop explaining the changes in terminology and clinical implications.


Conference summary 2024

Published 3rd May, 2024

We are making progress with DLD

Published 21st February, 2024


NAPLIC 2024 Conference videos now available to purchase

The NAPLIC 2024 Conference took place in Birmingham on Saturday April 27th 2024.

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